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SSH – Unspecified GSS failure

Recently came across a problem with one system authentication to another via ssh. I added the public ssh key to ~/.ssh/authorized_keys entry. Changed ownership to the proper user and also chmod 600 ~/.ssh/authorized_keys. Still no dice. Using ssh -vvvv the following error returned on pubkey authentication: debug1: Unspecified GSS failure. Minor code may provide more […]



I’ve been using the excellent fpm (Effing package manager!) tool for automatically generating rpms from source (for example, creating a custom compiled php-fpm binary and then wrapping it for install in an rpm for distribution from our own repository). FPM also creates .debs and other binaries as you need them. To ensure we have a […]


There is a very easy way to track opened TCP connections in Zabbix. Although it does not come built in to the Zabbix agent, it is simple enough to get. This method will allow you track the open number of TCP and UDP connections, as well as track TCP connections in TIME_WAIT. Rather than using […]




Usually, I will try to push clients towards using SCP (via a client such as WinSCP), however inevitably there are clients who do not understand this new method of accessing their files securely online, and who for one reason or another insist on using FTP for their online file access. As they say – the customer is always right?



Even though I’ve been working with Classless Inter-Domain Routing (henceforth known as CIDR) for years now, I always need a bit up a help remember how many addresses are in each block and how many sub-blocks fit into larger blocks. I have the following printed out for easy reference, and here it is for your geeky enjoyment:

CIDR        Total number    Network             Description:
Notation:   of addresses:   Mask:
--------------------------------------------------------------
/0          4,294,967,296   0.0.0.0             Every Address
/1          2,147,483,648   128.0.0.0           128 /8 nets
/2          1,073,741,824   192.0.0.0           64 /8 nets
/3          536,870,912     224.0.0.0           32 /8 nets
/4          268,435,456     240.0.0.0           16 /8 nets
/5          134,217,728     248.0.0.0           8 /8 nets
/6          67,108,864      252.0.0.0           4 /8 nets
/7          33,554,432      254.0.0.0           2 /8 nets
/8          16,777,214      255.0.0.0           1 /8 net (Class A)
--------------------------------------------------------------
/9          8,388,608       255.128.0.0         128 /16 nets
/10         4,194,304       255.192.0.0         64 /16 nets
/11         2,097,152       255.224.0.0         32 /16 nets
/12         1,048,576       255.240.0.0         16 /16 nets
/13         524,288         255.248.0.0         8 /16 nets
/14         262,144         255.252.0.0         4 /16 nets
/15         131.072         255.254.0.0         2 /16 nets
/16         65,536          255.255.0.0         1 /16 (Class B)
--------------------------------------------------------------
/17         32,768          255.255.128.0       128 /24 nets
/19         16,384          255.255.192.0       64 /24 nets
/19         8,192           255.255.224.0       32 /24 nets
/20         4,096           255.255.240.0       16 /24 nets
/21         2,048           255.255.248.0       8 /24 nets
/22         1,024           255.255.252.0       4 /24 nets
/23         512             255.255.254.0       2 /24 nets
/24         256             255.255.255.0       1 /24 (Class C)
--------------------------------------------------------------
/25         128             255.255.255.128     Half of a /24
/26         64              255.255.255.192     Fourth of a /24
/27         32              255.255.255.224     Eighth of a /24
/28         16              255.255.255.240     1/16th of a /24
/29         8               255.255.255.248     5 Usable addresses
/30         4               255.255.255.252     1 Usable address
/31         2               255.255.255.254     Unusable
/32         1               255.255.255.255     Single host
--------------------------------------------------------------
Reserved Space:
	0.0.0.0/8	
	127.0.0.0/8
	192.0.2.0/24
	10.0.0.0/8
	172.16.0.0/12
	192.168.0.0/16
	169.254.0.0/16


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